Poor macroeconomic conditions and inter-community conflicts lead to high needs
The below-average harvest for the 2021/22 season, prices of cereals and non-cereal food products significantly above average, combined with the persistence of a poor macroeconomic situation, political instability and inter-community clashes in Darfur, South Kordofan, Kassala, La Mer and Abyei regions, which displaced around 220,000 people between late April and mid-June, exceed normal humanitarian food aid needs in June 2022 A growing number of people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes between June and September 2022.
With the onset of the rainy season in June, the government is targeting an estimated planting area of just under 64.6 million feddans (~27.1 million hectares) for the 2022/2023 agricultural season. However, land preparation and planting have been constrained by shortages and high prices of key agricultural inputs due to insufficient financial support to farmers from the Agricultural Bank of Sudan (ABS) and difficulties in importing agricultural inputs into Sudan. due to high prices and lack of hard currency. .
In June 2022, staple food prices remain four to five times higher than the five-year average, due to reduced market supplies, shortages and high prices of imported wheat, high inflation and devaluation continuous local currency. In June, the SDG/USD exchange rate was 23% higher than in June 2021 and 289% higher than the five-year average. Food prices are likely to remain extremely high during the harvest from November 2022 to January 2023. Despite some improvements in livestock prices and hired labor rates, household purchasing power remains well below average , which has a negative impact on household access to market foods.